Leonardo Farmaceutica

Bacteriostatic Water


Uses of Bacteriostatic Water

Bacteriostatic water is used to sterile the solution or to dissolve the medications. Benzyl alcohol inhibits the growth of bacteria within the medicines. The water is used to dilute drugs which are administered through intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. Unlike sterile water, bacteriostatic water can be used repeatedly as it prevents the reproduction of bacteria.

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Bacteriostatic water or bacteriostatic water for injection is a kind of sterile water holding 0.9% benzyl alcohol. Bacteriostatic water is composed of sterile and filtered water.

Strength increasing strategy with side effects

The potential side effects of Bacteriostatic water include:

  • Venous thrombosis
  • Local tenderness
  • High fever
  • Death of tissues
  • Infections
  • Abscess formation
  • Hemolysis (blood cells bursting or splitting)
  • Blood pressure changes

Abstraction of Bacteriostatic Water

Bacteriostatic water prescription states that it is not suitable for neonatal use. The medicine is only prescribed to be used by adults that too for dilution purpose. Research studies reported the significant effect of bacteriostatic water on fluid balance. The manufacturer instructed to use drug for intravenous, intramuscular and subcutaneous injections. The solution is not prescribed to use in epidural or spinal anesthesia procedures. No animal reproductive research studies have been conducted for the pregnant category. However, the additives in drug may cause harm to fetus. Moreover, the additives can also adversely affect the reproductive system of pregnant women.

Some experimental studies on parenteral preparations including small volume of 0.9% Benzyl Alcohol indicated that amount of dose up to 30ml can be safely administered without any toxic effects. However, the administration of 9ml to 6kg of dose on infants has indicated significant increase in the blood pressure. Moreover, in experimental studies, no side effects of intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous injections have seen in males. Hence, within prescribed dosage, the drug has no side effects.


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